Massage and Sports Performance

Pre-competition massage.

Swedish massage has experienced the greatest reduction in blood pressure, has more benefits in reducing pre-games anxiety or stress which can reduce a risk of injury, improve mood scores and lower cortisol levels.
I would recommend combining it with soft tissue mobilisation and passive stretches (for example passive straight leg raise) which have the greatest effect on immediate flexibility gains and increases blood flow into the muscle.
The message should not be too strong to prevent tissue damage or pain and should not be too long to prevent decreasing muscle strength and lethargy.
The passive joint movement will be beneficial in preparing the joints to competition as a warm up by releasing synovial fluid inside the joints cavity.
A person should feel relaxed after the massage with inspiration, motivation and positive mental preparation.
15- 20 min massage should the most beneficial before the competition.

 

Inter- competition massage.

During the competition, 2 min- 10 min massage can balanced psycho- emotional state.
It can prevent injury, cramps, spasm and relieve pain.

 

Post-event massage.

Massage immediately after the competition is better than natural recovery. It should be gentle relaxing massage and should not cause the pain.

Benefits of this massage are increased blood flow to the tight muscle, decrease perceived soreness and speed up recovery.
60 min Relaxing Massage will be the most beneficial after the competition.

 

 

 

References:

1. Goats GC. Massage – the scientific basis of an ancient art: Part 1. The techniques. Br J Sports Med. 1994;28:149–152 [PMC free article] [PubMed]
2. Cassar MP. Handbook of Clinical Massage: A Clinical Guide for Students and Practitioners. 2nd ed.Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 2004
3. Holey E, Cook E. Evidence-Based Therapeutic Massage. A Practical Guide for Therapists. 2nd ed.Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 2003
4. Vickers A, Zollman C. ABC of complementary medicine: Massage therapies. BMJ. 1999;319:1254–1257 [PMC free article] [PubMed]